Anthropology- the study of humankind everywhere, through time, seeks to produce reliable knowledge about people and their behavior, both about what makes them different and what they have in common. What They Do- Physical anth- study humans as biological organisms, tracing there evolutionary development of the human animal and looking at biological variations within the species, past and present (human evol, Primates, Human diversity. Cultural Anth- is concerned with human cultures, or the ways of life in societies. Culture bound- Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of ones own culture. Within the field of cultural anth are Archaeologist- Is the branch of cultural anth that studies material remains in order to describe and explain human behavior. Traditionally it has focused on the human past, for material products of behavior, rather then behavior itself, are all that survive of the past. They did the Arizona garbage project. Linguists- who studies language, by which cultures are maintained and passed on to succeeding generations. Ethnologist- Or sociocultral anth, concentrates on cultures of the present. Human behavior as it can be seen, experienced, and even discussed with those whose culture is to be introduced. How do they do what they do- anth, in common with other scientist are concerned with the formulation and testing of hypothesis, or tentative explanations of observed phoneme. In so doing, they hope develop readable theories- explanations supported by bodies of data-although they recognize that no theory is ever completely beyond challenge. In order to frame hypothesis that are as objective and free of culture bias as possible, Anth typically develop them through a kind of total immersion in the field, becoming so familiar with the minuet details of the situation that they can begin to recognize patterns in the data. It is also through fieldwork that anth test existing hypotheses. Ethn…
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