Federalist #10 In 1787 Madison wrote in the tenth essay of The Federalist Papers that, “By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether mounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest. . .” (30). This became a huge problem during this time because many competing groups were conflicting over a variety of issues. Faction is caused because it is in the nature of man to have differing opinions. These opinions ranged from religion, government, and leaders. The biggest and worst faction occurred between the rich and the poor. The reason that factions are so dangerous is because they usually have the ability and the power to manipulate the results in their own special interests rather then for the public good. One of the promises of a well-constructed Union is to break and control the violence of Faction. There were only two methods of curing this problem; they included either removing its causes; or the other by controlling its effects. The first method of removing the causes took away the freedom of Liberty. However, this method couldn’t work. As Madison said, “Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires” (30). Liberty is a necessity to political life and without it you are taking away the right of man. Liberty is essential to its existence because it nourishes faction. The second method of removing the causes is by giving to every citizen the same opinions, same passions, and same interests. This method is just impractical; every man has the right to exercise liberty. By doing so there is going to be different opinions, as there should be. The government’s first priority to the people is their right to allow their voices to be heard. As long as people have different beliefs, a society is going to be divided by interests and parties. Without these different ideas our government wouldn’t …
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