How Do Attitudes Guide BehaviorAfter decades of research showing that attitudes only guide behavior under certain conditions, researchers turned their attention toward understanding howattitudes guide behavior. In this Application, you will focus on the two relatively distinct processes by which attitudes guide behavior. One process is relativelythoughtful, conscious, and deliberate, and the other requires less thought, can be unconscious, and is often unintentional. Together, these two psychologicalmechanisms explain why you are likely to behave consistently with your attitudes. To prepare for this assignment: ? Read Chapter 3 in the course text, Persuasion: Psychological Insights and Perspectives, and think about the following issues and questions as you conduct yourreview:o What is the major distinction between the two theories of how attitudes guide behavior? To what types of behavior does each theory apply? o What is the primary purpose of Fishbein and Ajzen?s theory of reasoned action? What psychological construct most directly predicts behavior? What is abehavioral intention? How does the theory define the concept of an attitude? What two beliefs form the perception of a subjective norm? o What is the primary purpose of Fazio?s attitude-to-behavior process model? Using Figure 3.5 in the text, think about how attitude activation, selectiveperception, and the definition of the event influence behavior. Be sure to consider each step in the process and the factors that influence it. o What is the MODE model and how does it integrate the two process models above? What role does motivation, opportunity, and determinants play in whetherattitudes guide behavior in a deliberate versus spontaneous fashion?? Ajzen proposed a revision of the theory of reasoned action that is called the theory of planned behavior. Click on the link, TpB Model, on the Theory ofPlanned Behavior Web site. Consider the variable that Ajzen added to the theory of planned behavior that makes it different from the theory of reasoned action, andwhether you think it should be included in Fazio?s attitude accessibility model.? Review the Frequently Asked Questions on the Theory of Planned Behavior Web site, specifically the question and answer to What is the role of knowledge orinformation in the theory of planned behavior? Do you agree or disagree with the way Ajzen answers the question?? Download the Constructing a TpB Questionnaire from the Theory of Planned Behavior Web site by clicking on the link. Think about how you would use theinformation in this document to create a measure of intentions to explore a cave (called spelunking).The assignment (1 page) No Plagiarism, APA style format and must be cited with references, also use course text book. Thank youDiscuss the differences between Ajzen?s theory of planned behavior and Fazio?s accessibility model. Explain which variable Ajzen added to the theory of reasonedbehavior so it became the theory of planned behavior. Would adding this variable to Fazio?s theory improve that theory? Discuss why or why not.Explain how measuring knowledge about the behavior or direct behavioral experience is important to the theory of planned behavior. Also explain why you do or donot agree with Ajzen?s view on this.Using the resources from Ajzen?s website (link in Resources) develop a short questionnaire to measure intentions to explore a cave (called spelunking). Be sure toprovide enough detail about how you would measure each component in your survey so that someone can follow your directions. Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for thoseresources not included in the Learning Resources for this course. References: ? Reading ? Course Text: Persuasion: Psychological Insights and Perspectives o Chapter 3, Acting As We Feel (pp. 41?62) Web Site ? Icek Ajzen: Theory of Planned Behavior http://people.umass.edu/aizen/tpb.html:
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