Intermolecular Attractions Essay Help

1. For solutes that are dissolved because of intermolecular attractions with the solvent state the intermolecular attractions involved. Intermolecular Attractions There are dipole-dipole attractions and hydrogen bonding between polar acetone and polar water. There are dipole-dipole attractions and hydrogen bonding between ethanol and water. There are also dipole-dipole attractions between ethanol and diethyl ether. There are hydrogen bonding dipole-induced dipole forces and dipole-dipole forces between sucrose and water. 2. For solutes that are dissolved because of reaction with the solvent write the balanced equation involved. Balanced Equation C6H5OH + NaOH C6H5ONa + H2O C6H5CHO + H2SO4 m-benzaldehyde sulfonicIntermolecular Attractions acid C6H5CH2OH + H2SO4 ? C6H5CH2OH2+ + HSO4- C6H5COOH + NaOH ? C6H5COONa + H2O C6H5COOH + NaHCO3 ? C6H5COONa + CO2 + H2O C6H5NH2 + HCl ? C6H5N+H3Cl- 3. On the basis of solubility behaviour determine the best solvent to differentiate the following pairs of compounds. a. CH3COOH (acetic acid) and CH3(CH2)5COOH The best solvent to use to differentiate acetic acid from heptanoic acid would be sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) as the stronger the acid the more soluble it is in sodium bicarbonate. b. CH3CH2OCH2CH3 and CH3CH2OH The best solvent to use to differentiate diethyl ether from ethanol is water. Diethyl ether is only slightly soluble in water unlike ethanol which is completely soluble. c. toluene and benzaldehyde The best solvent to use to differentiate toluene from benzaldehyde is concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4) since benzaldehyde is soluble in sulfuric acid unlike toluene. d. tert-butyl chloride and tert-butanol The best solvent to use to differentiate tert-butyl chloride and tert-butanol is water since tert-butanol is very soluble in water while tert-butyl chloride is not. References: Jain M. (Ed.). (2008 June). Aromatic Conversions. Competition Science Vision 474. McMurry J. (2011). Alcohols Phenols Ethers and Their Sulfur Analogs. Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry 7th Edition (pp. 256-283). Belmont CA: Brooks/Cole. Solomons G. Fryhle C. & Snyder S. (2014). Organic Chemistry 11th Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.”

Unlike most other websites we deliver what we promise;

  • Our Support Staff are online 24/7
  • Our Writers are available 24/7
  • Most Urgent order is delivered with 6 Hrs
  • 100% Original Assignment Plagiarism report can be sent to you upon request.

GET 15 % DISCOUNT TODAY use the discount code PAPER15 at the order form.

Type of paper Academic level Subject area
Number of pages Paper urgency Cost per page:
 Total: