International Business Finance

XP Plc is a multinational company based in France and was founded in 1984. The multinational corporation has a market capitalisation of 2.5 billion euros and has a gearing level of approximately 88%. XP Plc currently turns over 60 million euros per annum in worldwide sales and profits have stabilised over the last 5 years, averaging a trading profit of approximately 4.8 million euros per annum.The company specialises in financial services to private equity companies operating in the industrial and commercial property construction and development industry. Although XP?s head office is currently based in France, they have subsidiaries in Germany, UK, Austria, Monaco and Poland. The parent company is home to the treasury management team and Board of Directors of the company. The corporation currently operates a centralised treasury management system, operating from France.The subsidiaries have operations within their home country, offering financial services locally and throughout the Eurozone region. The company is currently undertaking 5 year strategic review for the period 2015 ? 2020 and is looking closely at its operations to identify how it can achieve its expansion and growth objective which is a 5% increase over the next 5 years. The company is considering expansion in Asia ? namely China and India as there is much growth in these regions over the last few years. It has been estimated that 50 million euros will be needed to fund the proposed expansion over the next 5 years.However, the financial services industry has experienced a range of global macro-environmental forces impacting on the industry, particularly in Eurozone which has led to both increased competition and increased regulation. XP Plc have been winding down their German subsidiary (which has been making a trading loss for the last 5 years) with a view to divesting their investment operations which are run here and specialising in other services which they offer.They have been approached by a new entrant into the market, KE Plc who has offered 2 million euros in a 50:50 joint venture deal over 4 years. Hence the total cost of the joint venture will be 4 million euros. KE Plc is an investment fund management company based in Germany.The company is also considering restructuring so that the parent company in France is re-domiciled to Monaco, as a large proportion of their Eurozone sales are generated there.XP Plc 2014 (German Subsidiary) ? Book valuesFixed assetInvestment (some of which is leased from Parent company) Euros17.0mWorking capital 3.0mTotal 20.0 mXP Plc 2014 (German Subsidiary)Equity Euros13.0mDebt 7.0mTotal 20 mNote 1The shareholders of XP plc can invest their money in an alternative investment that yields a return of 10%. Interest of 6% was paid on debt.Note 2Cost of capital projected is based on the current weighted average cost of capital (WACC). It is this rate which should be used to evaluate the joint venture (to the nearest %)The company is currently faced with TWO strategic issues;Strategic option 1Whether to enter into the Joint Venture with KE Plc. (There is insufficient information to make a comparison between divestment and JV, so just evaluate the JV).FDI (Joint Venture) InformationThe Finance Directors of both companies have come together and listed the following assumptions. XP Finance Director, Fiona has asked you as the capital projects accountant to put together a report evaluating the proposed joint venture based on the following information which relates to XP Plc only.I. The Joint venture agreement is initially set for 4 years, with the option of a company buy-out in year 4 or continuation of joint venture beyond year 4II. XP Plc will pay 60% of investment in year 0 and the remaining 40% of investment in year 1 relating to their share of the investment.III. Projected annual gross cash flows from the joint venture are expected to be 1.2 million Euros and ?0.620 million in year 1 and are expected to increase by 12% per annum.IV. All sales will be generated from Eurozone and UK marketV. The spot rate is ?0.7320/?VI. Operational costs of the subsidiary are expected to be 0.325 million euros per annum which includes 0.0258 million euros for depreciationVII. The annual rate of inflation in Germany is expected to be 2% (this should be applied to operational costs only)VIII. The interest rate for UK is expected to be 3.2% and the rest of the Eurozone is 2.5%.IX. The tax rate in Germany is currently 30%X. Tax will be paid on profits generated in Germany by subsidiary companyXI. A double taxation treaty exists between UK and GermanyStrategic option 2Whether to restructure and transfer the parent company from France to Monaco.This involves moving the Parent company from France and re-domiciling to Monaco. The Finance Director has estimated that this will require net funding of (equivalent to) 5 million euros.The board have already decided on expansion across Asia but require some information on the options of sources of finance for them to review at their next board meeting.Required:You are asked to write a 3,000 word consultancy report to senior management team (SMT) on the THREE strategic issues below.1) Evaluate the proposed joint venture using financial and non-financial analysis. Clearly state which capital investment appraisal method you have used and it appropriateness.Clearly state any assumptions and show all workings and calculations in the appendices of your report.(35 marks)2) Advise XP Plc SMT on the key operational and strategic challenges that they face when considering re-domiciling the France parent company to Monaco(15 marks)3) Clearly state what options of sources of finance the multinationalcorporation has to fund the proposed expansion across Asia.What factors should the company consider when decidingwhat sources of finance to access to fund the restructuring of thecompany?(25 marks)4) Analyse other strategies XP can expand to Asia, such as FDI(M&As and Greenfield). What are the advantages of FDI.Referring some academic articles to support your arguments(25 marks)

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